Maryland ENT Center News

Baltimore Magazine recognizes Alan Shikani MD FACS as TOP DOC 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017

Baltimore, MD - Dr. Alan Shikani, Otolaryngologist (Ear, Nose & Throat Specialist) awarded TOP DOC for 2012, 2013 and 2015, 2016 and 2017. Baltimore Magazine's prestigious list of physicians & specialists is compiled among their peers, and serves as a resource that Baltimore Magazine readers have trusted for 30 years. Over 10,000 physicians were surveyed, responses tabulated and results listed, among them Dr. Alan Shikani. This TOP DOC is an expert in all aspects of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (diseases of the ear, nose and throat).

Dr. Shikani is the director of the Maryland Nose and Sinus Center and Rhinology Fellowship Program. Since 2006, fellows have some from different areas of the world and spent entire year training in rhinology under Dr. Shikani's tutelage.

About Dr. Alan Shikani:

Alan ShikaniAlan H. Shikani, MD, FACS, clinician, researcher, teacher and inventor is a most accomplished physician in the field of otolaryngology. Dr. Shikani completed his residency and fellowship training at the Johns Hopkins department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (according to US News, Johns Hopkins has been the #1 Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery program in the United States for more than 25 years). Dr. Shikani serves as chief of the Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery of Union Memorial Hospital in Baltimore, chief of the Division of Otolaryngology-Head the and Neck Surgery at Good Samaritan Hospital and chief of the Division of Otolaryngology-Head the and Neck Surgery at LifeBridge Sinai Hospital.

Dr. Shikani specializes in the field of Rhinology which covers all aspects of nose and sinus diseases. He is also the founder and director of the Maryland Nose and Sinus Rhinology Fellowship Program, which was the first Rhinology program established in Maryland in 2006 (there are only thirty Rhinology programs in the United States). Dr. Shikani continuously striving to improve his surgical skills and the precision of his technique and procedures; he has performed over 12,000 nasal procedures over a 30 year career, including endoscopic sinus surgery, balloon sinuplasty, correction of nasal septal deviation, radiofrequency coblation of the turbinates, correction of nasal deformity and cosmetic rhinoplasty, and snoring surgery. Dr. Shikani was named Baltimore Top Doc in 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2016, and 2017.

For more information, you can contact the Nose & Sinus Center (410) 321-1025 or 410-554 NOSE (6673).

Maryland Nose and Sinus Center Rhinology Fellowship Program

Dr. Shikani established the Maryland Nose and Sinus Center Rhinology Fellowship Program in Baltimore in 2006; since then numerous rhinology fellows have applied from the US and from different areas of the world to come and train with us, including applicants from Lebanon, Switzerland, Syria, Greece, Jordan, Ireland, Israel, Qatar and India. Some of our graduates have decided to stay in in the United States and established themselves as leaders in rhinology, while others have returned home to establish successful rhinology teaching programs in their own countries.

It has been said: "The important things are the lives we touch; the people we help get better". Being able to mentor and influence the future of young otolaryngologists from all over the world has been one of the most rewarding experiences in my career. Alan H. Shikani MD, FACS.

Alan Shikani, MD, Receives Award from the National Medical Society AAO-HNS

Alexandria, VA - Alan Shikani, MD, of Baltimore, MD, received the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Honors Award and was recognized during the AAO-HNSF 2012 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, DC, September 9 - 12. The AAO-HNS presents the Honors Awards to medical professionals in recognition of extensive meritorious service through the presentation of instructional courses, scientific papers, participation on any AAO-HNS/F committee or in an Academy leadership position. Dr. Shikani is currently at Maryland ENT in Baltimore, MD. Tthe AAO-HNSF 2012 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO is the largest gathering of otolaryngologists in the world.

About the AAO-HNS

The American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (, one of the oldest medical associations in the nation, represents nearly 12,000 physicians and allied health professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. The Academy serves its members by facilitating the advancement of the science and art of medicine related to otolaryngology and by representing the specialty in governmental and socioeconomic issues.

IFOS, South Korea

Dr. Shikani was invited to Seoul, South Korea on June 1-5, 2013, by the International federation of Oto- Rhino-laryngological Societies, to be the Chair and Moderator of a seminar on "Topical Therapy for Chronic Rhinosinusitis" and also to be present their novel research paper on "In-Office Balloon Sinuplasty, the new Frontier for treatment of Nasal polyps" You can view these documents on the links below.

IFOS news Dr. Shikani Chair

IFOS news Dr. Shikani Moderator

Discover & Innovation Technology

Dr. Shikani has made numerous inventions which are currently on the market and have to date improved the lives of countless ENT patients. Dr. Shikani currently holds twenty patents in his name, either individually or as a co-inventor, and he has co-founded a bio-tech company start-up the Airway Company which manufactures speaking valves for tracheotomy patients. Dr. Shikani has published numerous publications in peer review journals and books, and made numerous presentations in national and international meetings. He has developed a number of devices that are now widely used in field of otolaryngology (listed below).

The Shikani Middle Meatal Antrostomy Stent: While a resident at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Dr. Shikani invented a new sinus stent (the Shikani Middle Meatal Antrostomy Stent*) that is used to prevent adhesions following endoscopic sinus surgery. Adhesions are the most common complication of sinus surgery that causes sinusitis to recur). Thousands of patients worldwide have benefited from the Shikani Middle Meatal Antrostomy Stent.


*Shikani, A. : A New Middle meatal antrostomy Stent For Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Laryngoscope. 104: 638-641, 1994

*Shikani A: A middle Meatal Antrostomy Stent for Pediatric Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Am J Rhinology 10 (4): 225-228, 1996

The Shikani Tracheotomy Speaking Valve: Tracheotomy patients, who otherwise may be unable to speak, are helped by the Shikani Tracheotomy Speaking Valve* to recover their ability to communicate and talk. The valve requires less effort and more easily tolerated than any other speaking valve on the market. The Shikani Tracheotomy Heat Moisture Exchanger (HME) has a unique design that allows air to flow through in a turbulent pattern, which greatly increases the efficiency. as compared to other HME's on the market. Both devices are manufactured by the Airway Company Inc., a Biotech start -up founded by Dr. Shikani, which mission is helping people breathe and improving the quality of life of tracheotomy patients.

Shikani Speaking Valve + Shikani HME - Animation Video

New unidirectional airflow ball tracheostomy speaking valve. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000 Jul;123(1 Pt 1):103-7.

Comparison of speech parameters and olfaction using different tracheotomy speaking valves. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2012 Jul-Aug;2(4):348-53.

Experimental Assessment and Future Applications of the Shikani Tracheostomy Speaking Valve. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2015, Vol. 24:733-738. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0115

The Shikani Tracheotomy Speaking Valve

The Shikani Tracheotomy Speaking Valve

The Shikani Tracheotomy Speaking Valve and the Shikani Tracheotomy Heat Moisture Exchanger (HME) are named for Dr. Shikani's pioneering work in the field of voice disorders.

The Shikani Optical Stylet (SOS):

The Shikani Optical Stylet

The Shikani Optical Stylet (manufactured by Clarus Medical, Minnesota)

The Shikani Optical Stylet

Dr. Shikani using the Shikani Optical Stylet for intubation

Shikani Optical Stylet (SOS): he Shikani Optical Stylet* was designed 1999 as a malleable, fiberoptic stylet to be used for difficult intubations. The Clarus Shikani has become the cornerstone of the Clarus line of difficult airway devices, and a popular tool for physicians worldwide. Otolaryngologists, anesthesiologists and emergency physicians are using the Shikani Optical Stylet to provide immediate, clear visualization of the airway. The Stylet is especially helpful for difficult intubations and for correct placement of endotracheal tubes. Dr. Shikani also invented a new method of intubation using the SOS, which allows doctors to intubate without any Macintosh laryngoscope blade, hence avoding the risk of injuring the lips, teeth or larynx.

The Shikani Seeing Stylet for difficult intubation in children: initial experience

*Shikani A: A New Scope-Stylet for Management of the Difficult Airway. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg., 120(1): 113-116, 1999.

The Shikani Technique of intubation with the Shikani Optical Stylet

Baltimore Ravens

As the official medical team of the Baltimore Ravens, the Union Memorial Hospital offers the region's best in sports medicine, doctors and services. In his position of chief of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at Union Memorial Hospital, Dr. Shikani is the Otolaryngologist of the Baltimore Ravens team. He has treated several of the Ravens NFL players and coaches.

However, our services are not only for top athletes! We offer you the same resources that we offer to some of the country's best athletes, and we are only a phone call away.

To reach the Maryland ENT Center, call (410) 554 4455 or (410) 554 NOSE (6673).

The Shikani-El Hibri Prize for Discovery & Innovation at Johns Hopkins

In 2014, Alan H. Shikani, MD, founder and president of the Maryland ENT Center, and Fuad El-Hibri, founder and chair of Emergent BioSolutions established the Shikani/El Hibri Prize for Discovery & Innovation at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH). This annual $10,000 prize recognizes excellence in the laboratory sciences and discoveries that have the potential to significantly advance biomedical science and to translate into improvements to patient care or the public's health. "The Prize for Discovery and Innovation" explained Dr. Shikani and Mr El-Hibri "demonstrates our commitment to the extraordinary faculty at JHSPH and to support young teachers-scholars who dedicate themselves to academic excellence and creative pursuit. Our hope is that the Shikani/El-HibriPrize will inspire others to want to make a difference and support the new generation of Hopkins researchers."

Inspired by the impact of the Johns Hopkins School's work in public health, his own academic connections with Johns Hopkins and his son's (Henry Shikani) degree in Molecular Microbiology and Immunology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, Dr. Shikani felt motivated to support those researchers whose works caries the potential to translate critical knowledge of laboratory research into the clinic and public health.

Having founded Emergent BioSolutions, a global specialty biopharmaceutical company whose corporate mission is to protect and enhance life, Mr. El-Hibri has dedicated his life work to advancing public health. "Instilling in our youth the love for discovery and innovation will help ensure a steady stream of scientific leaders. We hope that investing in today's faculty and scholars will lead to identifying new cures and treatments for tomorrow."

Recipients of the Shikani/El Hibri Prize for Discovery & Innovation at Johns Hopkins include:

2014 Recipient: The 2014 recipient is Dr. Jiou Wang, from the Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of the JHSPH for his work: A novel, unifying mechanism for the molecular pathogenesis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS,or Lou Gehrig's disease) and Fronto-Temporal Dementia (FTD). By analyzing the mutation's structure at the RNA and DNA levels and identifying the causes of interference with protein production in diseased cells, Wang's team found the probable root cause of ALS. This exciting work has recently been published in Nature: "C9orf72 nucleotide repeat structures initiate molecular cascades of disease. 2014 Mar 13;507(7491):195-200."

Scott Bailey
Jiou Wang
Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

2015 Recipient: The 2015 recipient is Dr. Scott Bailey, from the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology and the Malaria Research Institute of the JHSPH for his work: Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the CRISPR-based system of bacterial immunity. Scott and his team were the first to fully reconstitute the E. coli CRISPR system in vitro, which enabled them to distinguish the biochemical steps involved in the identification and destruction of invading DNA (but not host DNA). They also determined the high-resolution structure of Cascade bound to a ssDNA target, a technical tour-de-force that provides a molecular blueprint for understanding the mechanisms of the CRISPR system. This exception la work was recently accepted for publication at the very prestigious journal Science: "Targeted Destruction, How the bacterial CRIPR immune system recognizes foreign DNA."

Scott Bailey
Dr. Scott Bailey
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology

2016 Recipient: The 2016 recipient is Dr. Andrew Pekosz, from the W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology of the JHSPH for his work: "Restricted replication of the live attenuated influenza A virus vaccine during infection of primary differentiated human nasal epithelial cells". One of the principle ways Dr. Pekosz is contributing to our basic research efforts is through the use of primary human nasal epithelial cell (hNEC) cultures to study influenza virus replication and cellular responses to infection. This culture system is capable of discerning changes in the replication of various clinical isolates in a way that no other standard cell culture system is capable of, which is allowing JH-CEIRS to be able to differentiate different influenza virus isolates as to their fitness for spreading in the human population and will become an important tool to assess the "pandemic potential" - the threat a particular animal influenza virus carries for becoming a human pathogen - of a number of animal influenza viruses that are being isolated at other CEIRS facilities Dr. Pekosz's knowledge of influenza biology and his use of hNEC cultures are indispensable for the JH-CEIRS work we are moving forward in a way that bridges clinical studies, basic research and public health. His studies of LAIV replication in hNEC cultures fit perfectly into this description. He is providing molecular and mechanistic insights into LAIV replication using a novel culture system and his research could lead to better influenza vaccines, which are sorely needed. This exciting work was recently published in Vaccine: 33 (2015) 4495-4504.

Andrew Pekosz
Andrew Pekosz PhD
Co-Director, Johns Hopkins Center of Excellence in Influenza Research and Surveillance (JH-CEIRS), Director, Center for Emerging Viruses and Infectious Diseases (CEVID)

2016 Shikani/El Hibri prize
Left to Right: Andrew Pekosz PhD (Professor, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology), Micheal Klag MD (Dean, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health), Fuad ElHibri, Alan Shikani MD, Arturo Casadevall, PhD (Chair, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology). May 2016

2017 Recipient: The 2017 recipient is Dr. Daniela Drummond Barbosa from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology for her work on germ stem cell production, maintenance and differentiation in the ovary as a function of environmental exposures (dietary influences in particular) and also as a function of organismic-level regulatory relationships with other key organs already was at the time, and continues to be, cutting edge, highly innovative, rigorous, and very impactful. The specific piece of work for which Daniela is being nominated for the Shikani/El-Hibri prize is her recent demonstration that the sensing of amino acids, which are the building blocks for proteins, by adult adipocytes modulates the maintenance of female germ stem cells in the ovary, thus providing a hitherto unknown metabolic link between adipose tissue and the ovary and furthering the connection between diet, metabolism and egg production. The work was published in a very substantive, three-authors article published in the journal Development, a leading and prestigious journal in the field of developmental biology. To quote Daniela (cf. essay appended with this nomination), "this study reveals a new step in the adipocyte-stem cell crosstalk, and suggests that the aberrant co-option of endocrine pathways that normally tie stem cell lineages to whole body physiology might contribute to the increased cancer risk associated with obesity." Daniela has clearly evolved into a word class leader in the use of Drosophila as a powerful and relevant model system for the study of complex biology in a way that is highly relevant to reproduction and public health.

Daniela Drummond Barbosa
Daniela Drummond Barbosa
Professor Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

2017 Shikani/El Hibri prize
Left to Right: Micheal Klag MD (Dean, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health), Henry Shikani PhD, Alan Shikani MD, Daniela Drummond Barbosa, PhD, Fuad ElHibri. May 2017

Alan H Shikani MD, FASC is elected President of the Crowe Johns Hopkins Alumni ENT Society, 2014-2017

Crowe Society

The Johns Hopkins Crowe Society

The purpose of the Johns Hopkins Crowe Society is:

  1. To assist The Johns Hopkins residents in training in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the Johns Hopkins University and to achieve excellence by supporting their research and educational activities.
  2. To advance the art and science of otolaryngology by promoting educational, scientific, and community functions.
  3. To encourage fellowship among the alumni and faculty of the department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery of the Johns Hopkins University.

The baton has been passed. The Crowe Society has a new President.

By Alan H. Shikani MD, FACS

It has been said "It is not enough to run the race. We also must pass the baton, and must do it well." And what a baton it was: the Crowe Society Gavel was formidable and impressive, as was the task of running a Society of extraordinary JHU otolaryngologists. In reality, I feel that this is not a race; and that there is no finish line. It is continuous team effort and the goal is to support the residents and keep the Crowe fellowship alive.

The team worked well together and the Society is thriving. We have raised the Crowe Education Fund to an amazing level of $437,339. The donations at the Centennial Campaign totaled $275,000. Every year, $14,000 in interest goes towards the Crowe goals of residents' education, equipment, stipends and social events. We have raised $93,000 for the Department's Temporal Bone Lab, just in our first fundraising year. The goal is a total of $200,000 over 3 years. Once this goal is reached, the lab will be named the "Crowe Society Lab." We have created an effective private platform for communication and networking among the Crowe members and jump-started 4 different Crowe ventures:

The Crowe members will have the opportunity to share their experience in medical volunteering, to tell about their Otolaryngology innovation, to link up to enjoy common social interests and hobbies, and to share their Crowe memories and photographs. We have worked closely with the chairman of the Department of OLHNS, Dr. David Eisele, who helped the Society navigate the Hopkins politics, not a simple thing to do; and we did it with grace and perseverance.

It has been a pleasure and a privilege to serve as president of the Crowe Society. I have learned a lot and I have had a wonderful time. My appreciation and gratitude go to the members of the 2014-2017 Executive Committee, without whom we could not have done it. Many thanks to our treasurer Dr. Ira Papel for managing the finances of the Society, and to our councilmen-at-large Drs. John Price and Roy Schottenfeld for their steadfast assistance with brainstorming, planning, social networking, and much more; together they have made our tenure a success. Special thanks to our administrative coordinator Donna Clare for helping with the communication among the members and the Department and with electronic voting of the Crowe officers & fundraising, and to Sara Levy from DocMatter for her assistance in setting up the Crowe Society website.

We have completed our task and we successfully pass the baton to the next generation of Crowe Officers. The mission is alive and the Crowe Society marches on!

Alan Shikani MD (1984-1991)
President, Crowe Society 2014-2017

New Crowe Society president